Wednesday, September 24, 2014

52 Ancestors: #39, Francis Rand, Killed in an Indian Raid

Francis Rand, my 7X great-grandfather, was born ca 1616 probably in Devonshire, England. He was one of a company of fifty-eight men and twenty women sent by Captain John Mason to settle the area at the mouth of the Piscataqua River then known as Strawberry Banke (later Portsmouth, New Hampshire).1

He married Christina ______ in say 1636. They had at least eight children:2
  1. Francis Rand (?-prob bef 1689)
  2. William Rand (?-bef 1680)
  3. Nathaniel Rand (ca 1638-aft 1689)
  4. John Rand, (ca 1645-ca 1694); married Remembrance Ault
  5. Thomas Rand, (ca 1652-1736); married Hannah ______
  6. Samuel Rand (est 1658-ca 1707); married 1) widow Mary Walton, 2) Susanna ______
  7. Mary Rand; married Thomas Barnes
  8. Sarah Rand; married Isaac Herrick
Francis Rand served as constable for Upper Strawberry Banke from 1649 to 1651.3 In 1653 the town granted lands in the area known as Sandy Beach (later Rye) to several of the townspeople, among them Francis, who received "eight acres of meadow and twenty acres of upland for a lot."4

Sandy Beach, like many early New England settlements, was a frequent target of Indian raids. One of the worst, later known as the Brackett's Lane massacre, occurred on 29 September 1691, when a raiding party burned several homes and killed or took captive at least sixteen people.5 The dead included both Francis and Christina Rand, and at least one son or grandson was among those taken captive.6

My descent from Francis Rand:

• Francis Rand + Christina ______
• Thomas Rand + Hannah ______
• Joshua Rand + Mary Moses
    |                               |
• Joseph Rand + Susannah Goss     John Rand + Hannah Seavey
    |                               |
• Joshua Rand -------- + -------- Elizabeth Rand7
• Nahum Alonzo Rand + Dolly BristerKate Maria Rand + Silas Marchant Hillman Hodsdon
• Mary Milliken Hodsdon + Chester F. Kirk (my paternal grandparents)

(Note: This post is in response to Amy Johnson Crow's "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks" challenge at No Story Too Small.)

  1. Langdon Brown Parsons, History of the town of Rye, New Hampshire: from its discovery and settlement to December 31, 1903 (Concord, N.H.: Rumford Printing Company, 1905), p. 70; digital images, Google Books ( : accessed 28 Apr 2012).
  2. Sybil Noyes, Charles Thornton Libby, and Walter Goodwin Davis, Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire (1928-1939; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991), p. 574. It's unclear whether the list of children is in birth order.
  3. Ibid., p. 573.
  4. Parsons, pp. 126-7.
  5. Ibid., pp. 245-6.
  6. Noyes et al., pp. 573-4.
  7. See my post "52 Ancestors: #23, My Collapsing Pedigree: Joshua Rand and Elizabeth Rand" for a discussion of this double line of descent. The original title incorrectly named "John Rand and Elizabeth Rand." (Obviously I was confused by the whole "collapsing pedigree" concept!) I have since corrected "John" to "Joshua."

Tuesday, September 23, 2014

52 Ancestors: #38, Samuel Orcutt Washburn

Samuel Orcutt Washburn, my great-great-great-grandfather, was born on 5 May 1798 or 1799, to Jeremiah and Hannah (Orcutt) Washburn in Sutton, Orleans County, Vermont.1

Samuel Orcutt Washburn birth, 1798

Marriage of Samuel Washburn
and Mary "Polmeteer", 1829
Throughout his adult life, Samuel would repeatedly move back and forth across the U.S.-Canada border, between northern Vermont, southern Quebec, and northeast New York. In 1829, he was farming in Rougement, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, and on 10 March 1829, he married 17-year-old Mary Polmeteer at St. Paul d'Abbotsford Anglican Church in nearby Abbotsford.2

Over the next three decades, Samuel and Mary had at least 13 children, including two sets of twins, and you can trace their migrations by their children's birthplaces:3
  1. Mary S. (1831-1917), b. Milton, Shefford, QC; married 1) Stephen Yates, 2) Uriah Woodward
  2. Lydia Ann (1832-1902), b. Milton, Shefford, QC; married Charles Bennett
  3. John P. (1834-1916), b. Milton, Shefford, QC; married Laura Armstrong
  4. Samuel O. (1834-1864), b. Milton, Shefford, QC; married Mercy Moulton
  5. David L. (1837-????), b. Chazy, Clinton Co., NY
  6. Olive (1839-????), b. Chazy, Clinton Co., NY
  7. Charlotte D. (1841-1890), b. Sciota, Clinton Co., NY; married Charles H. Griffin
  8. George (ca 1843-????), b. Sciota, Clinton Co., NY; possibly married Stella Adams
  9. Hannah E. (1845-), b. Farnham, Missisquoi, QC; married 1) James Rush, 2) George Rush
  10. Diana P. (1847-1919), b. Farnham, Missisquoi, QC; married Leander Coffin
  11. (Twin) (1847), b. Farnham, Missisquoi, QC
  12. Harmon N. (1850-????), b. Canada
  13. Norman E. (1856-aft 1900), b. Canada
Samuel died in Holland, Vermont, where he is buried in Mead Hill Cemetery. Vermont vital records,4 and his gravestone,5 concur that he died on 22 January 1850, at the age of 50 years, 8 months, and 17 days, which matches the 5 May 1799 birthdate on the stone.

Death of Samuel O. Washburn, 1850

Samuel O. Washburn gravestone, Mead Hill Cemetery, Holland, Vermont
It is, however, impossible to reconcile this death date with either the 1850 census6 in Holland – where 52-year-old Samuel Washburn was enumerated on 18 September along with his wife Mary, his son-in-law and daughter Stephen and Mary Yates and their first child, and seven of their children, misidentified as Yates children – or with the existence of the last two children, who first appear in the 1860 census7 in the household of "Widow Saml Washburn," next door to Stephen and Mary Yates.

1850 U.S. census, Holland, Orleans County, Vermont, Saml Washburn household

1860 U.S. census, Holland, Orleans County, Vermont, "Widow Saml Washburn" household
What to make of this? My hypothesis is that the gravestone was miscarved (perhaps erected long after his burial), and the vital records card was copied from the gravestone, rather than from town records.8 If so, when did he die? The numerous online family trees are about evenly split between 1850 (obviously from the vital records and gravestone) and 1855 – though no one gives a source for that year, and it's still too early to account for Norman. Conceivably the correct year may be as late as 1859.

My descent from Samuel Orcutt Washburn:

(Note: This post is in response to Amy Johnson Crow's "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks" challenge at No Story Too Small.)

  1. "Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908," database and digital images, ( : accessed 22 Sep 2014), Samuel Orcutt Washburn birth, 1798. For the 1799 possibility, see his death record below.
  2. St. Paul d'Abbotsford Anglican Church (Abbotsford, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec), church register, 1829, folio 5r, marriage of Samuel Washburn and Mary "Polmeteer"; digital images, "Québec, registres des églises protestantes, 1763-1967," FamilySearch ( : accessed 22 Sep 2014), path: Abbotsford & Rougemont > Church of England in Canada Mission of Abbotsford and Rougemont > Baptisms, marriages, burials with index 1829 > image 7 of 20; citing Archives Nationales du Québec, Sainte-Foy.
  3. The birthplaces are rather tentative; this family seemed to report their places of birth almost randomly in successive censuses, and vital records are very sketchy. Research is ongoing.
  4. "Vermont, Vital Records, 1720-1908," database and digital images, ( : accessed 21 Sep 2014), Samuel O. Washburn death, 1850. 
  5. Find A Grave ( : accessed 21 Sep 2014), database and digital images, memorial # 22761238 for Samuel Orcutt Washburn (1799-1850), created by "Lar" (8 Nov 2007), with photographs by "Thomas"; citing Mead Hill Cemetery (Holland, Orleans County, Vermont).  
  6. 1850 U.S. Census, Orleans County, Vermont, Holland, page number illegible, dwelling 62, family 62, Saml Washburn household; digital images, ( : accessed 15 Apr 2014). Samuel's given age in the census record corresponds to the 1798 date in his birth record.
  7. 1860 U.S. Census, Orleans County, Vermont, Holland, p. 71, dwelling 547, family 552, "Widow Saml Washburn" household; digital images, ( : accessed 15 Apr 2014). Harmon (who disappears after this census so may have died young) might conceivably be explained as a posthumous child. I might have dismissed Norman as perhaps being a nephew or other relative, were it not that he appears in 1880 listed as a brother-in-law in the household of Charles Griffin (husband of Norman's sister Charlotte). He also appears in 1900 in the household of Leander Coffin (husband of Norman's sister Diana), though more ambiguously as a "boarder."
  8.'s description of the database states: "In 1857, the state began requiring town clerks to create records of the previous year’s vital events and send them to the secretary of state. The state sent cards to cities and towns, where clerks filled them out with data extracted from their vital records and then sent them back.... There were also known gaps in early death records, and clerks were encouraged to fill these gaps with cemetery records [emphasis added]. You’ll find these among the records with dates prior to 1870 in this database."

Saturday, September 20, 2014

52 Ancestors: #37, Jacob Hodsdon (1787-1879)

Jacob Hodsdon, my great-great-great-grandfather, was born 29 October 1787 in Hollis, York County, Maine, the second child of Samuel Hodsdon and Betsy Hooper.1

On 17 July 1808, Jacob married Sally Huston in Hollis, Maine.2 They had six children:
  1. John Hodsdon (1809-1882), married Adeline Greene
  2. Jane Hodsdon (1810-????)
  3. Isaac Hodsdon (1812-1890), married Abigail Greene (sister of Adeline)
  4. Betsy Hodsdon (ca 1814-aft 1880), married Matthew Tobin
  5. Nancy Hodsdon (1819-1905), married James Severance
  6. Sally Hodsdon (1825-1894), married Hiram Gilcreas
After the last of their children was born, sometime between 18303 and 18404 they moved from Hollis to Byron, Oxford County, Maine, where Jacob was a farmer.

Jacob Hodsdon died in March 1879. He is supposed to be buried in the Pressey Cemetery in Byron, but I was unable to locate a gravestone for him there in 2013.5

My descent from Jacob Hodsdon:

(Note: This post is in response to Amy Johnson Crow's "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks" challenge at No Story Too Small.)

  1. “Maine, Birth Records, 1621-1922,” database and digital images, ( : accessed 27 Apr 2012), Jacob Hodsdon, 1787. 
  2. "Maine, Marriages, 1771-1907," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 16 Sep 2014), Jacob Hodsdon and Sally "Whoson", 17 Jul 1808; citing FHL
    microfilm 11028. 
  3. 1830 U.S. census, York County, Maine, Hollis, p. 173 (penned), first unnumbered line, Jacob Hodsdon; database and digital images, ( : accessed 16 Sep 2014).
  4. 1840 U.S. census, Oxford County, Maine, Byron, unpaginated, twenty-fifth unnumbered line, Jacob Hodsdon; database and digital images, ( : accessed 28 April 2012).
  5. Find A Grave ( : accessed 20 Sep 2014), database and digital images, memorial # 89094319 for Jacob Hodsdon (unknown-Mar 1879), created by Robert Hodsdon (25 Apr 2012); citing Pressey Cemetery (Oxford County, Maine). The photo added by Tammy Nosek actually shows the gravestone of Jacob's grandson and namesake, Jacob Hodsdon (1836-1921).

Monday, September 15, 2014

52 Ancestors: #36, Jean-Baptiste Robidas (1787-1854)

My immigrant 8th great-grandfather, Jacques Robidas-Manseau, named his fifth son Jean-Baptiste – the first in a string of four successive "Jean-Baptiste Robidas" in my ancestry. The great-grandson and namesake of that first Jean-Baptiste was my fourth great-grandfather.

My 4x great-grandpa was born and baptized on 16 December 1787 in Baie-du-Febvre, Quebec, the third child of Jean-Baptiste Robidas and Marie Jeanne Lupien. (He was actually the second child of the family to bear the name; their first child, born in 1784 and named after his father, had lived only six months.) His baptismal sponsors were his aunt (his father's sister) and her husband, Monique Robida and Louis Beaulac.1
Baptism of Jean-Baptiste Robida, 16 Dec 1787
Jean-Baptiste married Divine Louise ("Ludivine") Girardeau on 21 November 1814, at La Visitation-du-Pointe-du-Lac parish in Pointe-du-Lac, Quebec,2 which was Divine's birthplace.

Marriage of Jean-Baptiste Robidas and Divine "Girardot", 21 Nov 1814
 They had at least twelve children:
  1. Joseph (1815-1888), married Dorothee Boudreau
  2. Jean-Baptiste (1818-1877), married Rose-de-Lima Gauthier
  3. Margueritte (1820-????)
  4. Theodule (Jan 1822-Sep 1822)
  5. Julie-Emilie (1823-bef 1893), married Ignace-dit-Augustin Gauthier
  6. Theodule (Mar 1825-Dec 1826)
  7. Jean-Richard (Apr 1827-Jun 1827)
  8. Marie Marguerite (1828-1901), married Louis Mosly-Reid
  9. Marie (1829-1893), married Georges Paquin
  10. Joseph (1830-????)
  11. Louis (1832-1921), married Marie Deshaies-St. Cyr
  12. Thomas Damase (1834-aft 1911), married 1) Louise Brown-dit-Luke, 2) Caroline Mariage
Jean-Baptiste died on 14 June 1854 at Stanfold (Princeville), Arthabaska, Quebec. He was buried on 17 June in the Saint-Eusèbe-de-Stanfold parish cemetery.3

Burial of Jean-Baptiste Robida, 17 Jun 1854
My descent from Jean-Baptiste Robidas:

(Note: This post is in response to Amy Johnson Crow's "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks" challenge at No Story Too Small.)

  1. Saint-Antoine-de-la-Baie-du-Febvre Parish (La-Baie-du-Febvre, Quebec), parish registers, vol. 2, 1773-1784 and 1795, folio 17v, baptism of Jean-Baptiste Robida, 16 Dec 1787; digital images, "Québec, registres paroissiaux catholiques, 1621-1979," FamilySearch ( : accessed 16 Sep 2014), path: Saint-Antoine-de-la-Baie-du-Febvre > Saint-Antoine-de-la-Baie-du-Febvre > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1773-1812 > image 206 of 903. This is the church (Presbytere) copy.
  2. La Visitation-de-la-Pointe-du-Lac Parish (Pointe-du-Lac, Quebec), "Registre de la Paroisse de la Visitation de la Pointe du Lac 1814," folio 5r/5v, marriage of Jean-Baptiste Robidas and Divine "Girardot", 21 Nov 1814; digital images, "Québec, registres paroissiaux catholiques, 1621-1979," FamilySearch ( : accessed 16 Sep 2014), path: Pointe-du-Lac > La Visitation-de-la-Pointe-du-Lac > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1749-1759, 1786-1829 > image 685 of 917. This is the courthouse (Greffe) copy.
  3. Saint-Eusèbe-de-Stanfold Parish (Stanfold or Princeville, Quebec), parish registers, 1849-1856, folio 113r, burial of Jean-Baptiste Robida, 17 Jun 1854; digital images, "Québec, registres paroissiaux catholiques, 1621-1979," FamilySearch ( : accessed 16 Sep 2014), path: Princeville > Saint-Eusèbe-de-Stanfold > Baptêmes, mariages, sépultures 1849-1876 > image 182 of 702.

Saturday, September 6, 2014

52 Ancestors: #35, Chester F. Kirk, Part 5: Father and Grandfather

Chester F. Kirk, 1925
This is the fifth and final (I promise!) installment of "another story or four five" about my paternal grandfather, Chester F. Kirk. This one continues the story of Chester with his fifth and last wife, and his eighth and ninth children – the last of whom became my father.

At the end of Part 4: Veterinarian and Horse Racer, it was 1917. Over the past decade and a half, Chester had built a thriving veterinary practice and gained quite a reputation among the horse "driving" set; his wife had created her own reputation as a professional dressmaker and seamstress.

About 1912-13, they apparently sold the house at 27 Elm Street (where they had lived since at least 1908)1 to Chester's daughter Hazel and her husband John Clark, and moved to 125 Wood Street; another move followed around 1916-17, to 139 College Street.2 All three houses were mere blocks apart. Kenneth and his wife had also lived in the same neighborhood until around 1916,3 when they had moved to Bridgeport, Connecticut.4

By this time, Chester was pushing 60, and thanks to Hazel's burgeoning family, was already a grandfather five times over. But Kenneth and Anna remained childless; Leonard had changed his name to Schubert; and with Mary nearly 35 and having no living children, it didn't look as if there would be anyone to carry on the Kirk name.

That was about to change.

On 18 March 1917, Chester's eighth child and second daughter was born.5 The eight-pound bouncing baby thrived, and was named Geneva Alice. Mary kept her little girl close; she was 20 months old before she spent a day away from her mother, on 7 November 1918. The reason for that brief parting: Chester and Mary were in the process of moving to the new home they had bought at 30 Ware Street.6,7 The likely impetus for this final move – they would spend the rest of their lives in that spacious and stately house – was the fact that Mary was once again pregnant.

Geneva Kirk birth, 1917     Roger Kirk birth, 1919
And this time, Chester got the heir who would carry on his family name. On 11 May 1919, his ninth child was born in the new family home, and named Roger Marchant.8 Now almost 62, Chester Kirk had two children who were younger than his five grandchildren.

Chester Kirk with his two youngest children, Roger and Geneva,
on the front steps of their home at 30 Ware Street, Lewiston, ca 19209
Despite his advancing age, Chester continued to practice as a veterinary surgeon. Around 1920, he finally closed the Canal Street office and moved the practice to his Ware Street home.10 Close inspection of the photo above reveals his business placard just below the living room's front window:

Enlarged detail of Chester's business sign under the front window

Lewiston Evening Journal, 19 Dec 1929
I suspect that his practice began to slow down considerably and shift away from large animals (many years later, Roger's memories of his father included the spaying a good many cats). Still, twenty years after he had to put a horse "out of its suffering" following its collision with a street car in 1909,11 Chester was still being called to minister to the victims of equine collisions (albeit now with automobiles). But by then he appears to have given up on shooting fatally stricken animals himself: at least in the case of a horse that was run down by a Chevy sedan on College Street in front of Bates College's Rand Hall, when "Dr. Kirk, called on the scene, stated that it would have to be killed ... [the] police were called and ... administered the coup de grace."12

He still kept horses himself, and his penchant for ice-racing apparently continued unabated. In addition to the "Androscoggin speedway," he frequented other ice tracks in the surrounding towns, including Range Pond in Poland and the Little Androscoggin River in Mechanic Falls. At the February 1919 Poland Ice Carnival, "Dr. Kirk of Lewiston came near getting away with the Class A match and pulled in second best with Mary A. Patch."13 On the "last day of Poland racing" in March 1923, "Ella Watts, Lewiston horse with Dr. Kirk driving, and Frank C. of the Harrison club with Murch up, furnished the fireworks of the day."14 In February 1924, "Several classes were raced at the [Poland Driving] club speedway Saturday, along with exhibitions by two of Dr. Kirk's horses, Dewey and Fascinate."15 And in January 1927, "Dr. Kirk from Lewiston... [is] entered for Saturday" in the Mechanic Falls Riding Club matches.16

There are even indications that the memory of Chester's runaway horse mowing down part of the park fence in 1906 lingered on in the community.17 When his son Kenneth was cited in 1928 for speeding down Main Street hill in his touring car, the initial newspaper reports attributed the "speedway stunt" to Chester!18 That a reporter might confuse the locally well-known father and son in such a way implies that both might have similar – and similarly well-known – driving habits.

Roger would be Chester and Mary's last child, and Chester would never know the grandchildren from his final marriage: the first of them would not be born until 1947, and Chester died on 13 July 1939. Two days later he was buried in the family plot at Mt. Auburn cemetery in Auburn, Maine, with three of his grandsons and his own last-born son as pallbearers.19

Obituary and death notice for Chester F. Kirk     Funeral notice for Chester F. Kirk

Kirk family monument, Mt. Auburn Cemetery, Auburn, Maine17
So ends the story of my multi-faceted, often-married grandfather. I originally conceived this as a three-part series, then decided it would take four, and finally gave in to five. That's probably not too much for a man who had six wives/relationships, nine children, and two careers, over nearly 82 years. I'm just sorry I never knew my grandfather.

Wives and children of Chester Kirk:
  • Ellen Hitchcock (m. 1880, divorced bef 1886)
    • No children
  • Lottie Martin (m. 1886, died 1890)
  1. Hazel May Kirk (1887-1962), married John Clark
  2. Kenneth Allen Kirk (1889-1937), married 1) Anna Slauenwhite, 2) Florence Lawrence
  • Hattie Schubert (m. 1891, divorced bef 1894)
    1. Leonard Irving Kirk AKA Leonard Schubert (1892-1968), married Rose V. ______
  • Nellie Crosman (not married)
    1. Chester L. Kirk (1893-????)
  • Cora Grover (m. 1894, divorced 1896)
    1. Vinal C. Kirk (1895-1896)
  • Mary Hodsdon (m. ca 1901?)
  1. Stillborn (male) Kirk (1902)
  2. Cecil Mortimer Kirk (1903-1905)
  3. Geneva Alice Kirk (1917-2007), never married
  4. Roger Marchant Kirk (1919-1979), married Kathleen Murphy (my parents)
Links to the earlier posts in the Chester F. Kirk sequence:
#31, Chester F. Kirk, Part 1: From Maine to Bristol
#32, Chester F. Kirk, Part 2: Clockmaker
#33, Chester F. Kirk, Part 3: Veterinary Surgeon
#34, Chester F. Kirk, Part 4: Veterinarian and Horse Racer

(Note: This post is in response to Amy Johnson Crow's "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks" challenge at No Story Too Small.)

Unless otherwise specified, all newspaper articles were accessed as digital images in the Google News Archive (, mostly during August 2014.
  1. "Lewiston, Androscoggin County, Maine, Directory, 1908," database, ( : accessed 1 Sep 2014), entries for "Charles" F. Kirk, veterinary surgeon, "Kirk, Mrs. Mary," and Kenneth Kirk, all at 27 Elm.
  2. [Years] Resident and Business Directory of Androscoggin County, Maine (Auburn, Maine: Merrill & Webber Co., 1910-1920), entries for Chester F. Kirk, 27 Elm, p. 440 (1910-1911), 27 Elm, p. 507 (1912-1913), 125 Wood, p. 531 (1914-1915), 125 Wood, p. 538 (1916-1917), 139 College, p. 548 (1918-1919); database and digital images, "Maine City Directories," ( : accessed 30 Aug 2014), under "Lewiston". Also, entries for John H. Clark, 38 Bates, p. 386 (1912-1913), 27 Elm, p. 403 (1914-1915).
  3. [Years] Resident and Business Directory of Androscoggin County, Maine, entries for Kenneth Kirk, 141 Holland, p. 531 (1914-1915), p. 538 (1916-1917); no entry for Kenneth Kirk, p. 548 (1918-1919).
  4. Bridgeport City Directory including Stratford, Fairfield and Southport, 1917 (Bridgeport, Conn.: Price & Lee Co., 1917), p. 656, entry for Kenneth Kirk; database and digital images, "U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989," ( : accessed 27 Oct 2012).
  5. “Maine, Birth Records, 1621-1922,” database and digital images, ( : accessed 19 Aug 2014), [Geneva] Kirk birth, 18 Mar 1917.
  6. A Record of Our Baby's Life (New York: Dodge Publishing Co., 1912), baby book for Geneva Alice Kirk, Kirk-Murphy Family Collection; privately held by the author, Virginia Beach, Virginia. The entries in this unpaginated baby book, in Mary (Hodsdon) Kirk's handwriting, are in varying inks, and appear to be mostly contemporary with the events recorded. An entry on p. 13, under the printed heading "Notes," reads "First day spent away from mother, Nov 7, 1918, at Mrs Warrens, while moving to Ware St."
  7. 1920-1921 Resident and Business Directory of Androscoggin County, Maine, p. 538, entry for Chester F. Kirk, 30 Ware.
  8. Ibid., Roger Marchant Kirk birth, 1919.
  9. Photo of Chester, Roger, and Geneva Kirk, on the front steps of their home at 30 Ware Street, Lewiston, ca 1920, Kirk-Murphy Family Collection.
  10. 1920-1921 Resident and Business Directory of Androscoggin County, Maine, p. 1090, County Business Directory, Veterinary Surgeons, Lewiston, entry for Kirk C.F., 9 Canal; database and digital images, "Maine City Directories," ( : accessed 30 Aug 2014), Androscoggin County > 1920 > City Information > image 116 of 152. Also, 1922-1923 Directory of Androscoggin County, Maine (Portland, Maine: Portland Directory Co., 1922), p. 1103, County Business Directory, Veterinary Surgeons, Lewiston, entry for Kirk C.F., 30 Ware; database and digital images, "U.S. City Directories, 1821-1989," ( : accessed 30 Aug 2014), Maine > Auburn > 1922 > Auburn, Maine, City Directory, 1922 > image 569 of 639.
  11. "Hack Horses Killed," Lewiston Daily Sun, 12 Nov 1909, p. 8.
  12. "Kills Horse After Automobile Smash," Lewiston Evening Journal, 19 Dec 1929, p. 14. It's probably not surprising that Dr. Kirk would have been the vet on the spot, since Rand Hall is all of three blocks from the Kirk home on Ware Street. He was without a doubt the vet nearest to the action.
  13. "Speedy Races Feature of the Poland Ice Carnival," Lewiston Evening Journal, 22 Feb 1919, p. 6.
  14. "Four Events at Last Day of Poland Racing," Lewiston Daily Sun, 1 Mar 1923, p. 6.
  15. "Horsemen Waiting for Poland Carnival," Lewiston Daily Sun, 11 Feb 1924, p. 6.
  16. "McFalls Ice Racing: Riding Club Has Six Close Matches Lined Up for Saturday Matinee," Lewiston Daily Sun, 21 Jan 1927, p. 9.
  17. Geneva Kirk, "Brief History of the L-A Chamber of Commerce," Lewiston Daily Sun, 31 Mar 1987, p. 20.
  18. "Kirk Repeats Speedway Stunt on Public Street," Lewiston Daily Sun, 20 July 1928, p. 1; also, "A Line on the World" local column, p. 4, item reading "Chester Kirk again uses principal street as speedway." The identity of the perpetrator was corrected in the following day's Sun, in "Kirk Speeding Case Goes To Fire Dept. Officials," p. 1. After serving in the army during World War I, Kenneth had returned to Lewiston, where he served as the Superintendent of Fire Alarms for the Lewiston Fire Department for many years. But that's another story...
  19. "Dr. Chester F. Kirk," obituary and death notice, Lewiston Daily Sun, 14 Jul 1939, p. 20. Also, Lewiston Daily Sun, 17 Jul 1939, p. 12, funeral notice for Dr. Chester F. Kirk in "Lewiston and Auburn" column. Both accessed 2 Jun 2012.
  20. Mount Auburn Cemetery (Auburn, Androscoggin County, Maine), Kirk family monument, read and photographed by the author, 13 Aug 2012.